Impleading of Immediate employers (Contractors) in proceedings under section 45A of Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948. (“ESI Act”)

Impleading of Immediate employers (Contractors) in proceedings under section 45A of Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948. (“ESI Act”)

In today’s competitive world employers engaging services of contractors is very common. However, ESIC acts as recovery agents in sending the employers notice u/s 45A of the ESI Act to recover the ESI contributions. ESIC targets outsourcing of service and attempts to recover the ESI Contributions from the principal employer without impleading contractors as a party. Many a times, ESIC contributions are paid by the principal employer, but the record may not be available with…

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RETROSPECTIVE RECOVERY POST-RETIREMENT/ SUPERANNUATION BAD IN LAW

RETROSPECTIVE RECOVERY POST-RETIREMENT/ SUPERANNUATION BAD IN LAW

  Petitioner: Grace George Pampoorickal Respondents: Municipal Corporation of Gr. Mumbai and Ors. Court: Bombay High Court Date of Order: 20.04.2018 Citation: WP No. 1010 of 2015 FACTS OF THE CASE: In the present matter, the Petitioner was appointed as an Assistant Trained Teacher by the Municipal Corporation in Mumbai in the year 1970. In February 2010 when the Petitioner reached the age of Superannuation, her last drawn salary amounted to Rs. 9200/- (INR). Thereafter…

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MATERNITY BENEFITS UNDER THE EMPLOYEES’ STATE INSURANCE ACT, 1948 AND THE MATERNITY BENEFIT ACT 1961

MATERNITY BENEFITS UNDER  THE EMPLOYEES’ STATE INSURANCE ACT, 1948  AND  THE MATERNITY BENEFIT ACT 1961

 Who is entitled to Maternity Benefit under the Maternity Benefit Act 1961? Every pregnant woman shall be entitled to, and her employer shall be liable for the payment of maternity benefit at the rate of the average daily wage for the period immediately preceding the day of her delivery, the day of her delivery and any period immediately following that. For claiming maternity benefit though, the woman must have worked for 80 days or more…

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MERE FILING OF AN APPEAL SHALL NOT RESULT IN TERMINATION

MERE FILING OF AN APPEAL SHALL NOT RESULT IN TERMINATION

  Petitioner: Unnamed Court: Bombay High Court Respondents: Headmistress, Noorul Islam Primary School & Ors. Date of Order: 23.04.2018 Citation: Writ Petition No. 13708 of 2017 Facts The Petitioner in this case was a teacher in a primary school. At the initiative of Respondents No. 1 and 2, the service of the Petitioner was terminated claiming that she had indulged in an extra-marital affair. Aggrieved by this decision of the Respondents, the Petitioner approached the…

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REINSTATEMENT WITH FULL BACK WAGES NOT TO BE A MECHANICAL PROCEDURE

REINSTATEMENT WITH FULL BACK WAGES NOT TO BE A MECHANICAL PROCEDURE

In cases relating to termination of labour, where such termination is evidently illegal, awarding of reinstatement with full back wages by Courts should not be a merely mechanical exercise and the same shall be done considering the circumstances of the case. The same was held by the Supreme Court in District Development Officer & Anr. vs. Satish Kantilal Amrelia.[1] In the order dated 28.11.2017, the court reasoned that same by considering daily wage workers, who…

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EXTENSION OF EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT – NOT A MATTER OF RIGHT

EXTENSION OF EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT – NOT A MATTER OF RIGHT

The Calcutta High Court was confronted with an important question as to whether ‘extension of an employment contract can be asked as a matter of right’? The Calcutta High Court in this regard has upheld the cardinal principle of service jurisprudence, “an employee holding a post, be it contractual or tenure has no right to ask for automatic extension unless nothing repugnant appears from the letter of appointment”. The above-mentioned contention came before the High…

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OUTSOURCING – to be or not to be??

OUTSOURCING – to be or not to be??

“Labour disgraces no man; Unfortunately, you occasionally find men who disgrace labour” Conflicts between employers and employees have perennially existed in our industry. To curb exploitation of labour by employers, the Indian legislators had come out with various statutory hurdles. To counter such statutory obstacles imposed by the Legislature, attempts had also been made to drift from permanency of labour to rightsizing and affinity for outsourced labour. Earlier outsourced labour were hired only for peripheral…

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TELECOM SERVICES BEYOND STATE’S CONTROL – THE MISNOMER

TELECOM SERVICES BEYOND STATE’S CONTROL – THE MISNOMER

The question before the Karnataka High Court in the matter of Bharti Airtel Ltd. vs. The Senior Labour Inspector was whether the State Government or its authorities have the jurisdiction to initiate prosecution against a telecom Company for non-compliance under the Minimum Wages Act, 1961. With regard to this intricate question of law, the Karnataka High Court held that Telecom Company’s do not carry on business on behalf of the Government of India; also, the…

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How to Manage Industrial Violence Effectively

How to Manage Industrial Violence Effectively

Industrial Violence is not new to the industrial scenario in India. In the 1980s violence was very common and Kerala and West Bengal were known for violent agitations by workers. The Left Governments kept supporting violence and decline of Industrial relations in India under the guise of supporting labour movements. However, the Judiciary was pro workers and the procedure for closure/lay offs was difficult, therefore even in impossible business environments closure of factory or lay…

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Taking the Leverage of Law

Taking the Leverage of Law

Introduction “There appear to be three preliminary objections which have become quite the fashion to be raised by all employers, particularly public sector corporations whenever an industrial dispute is referred to a tribunal for adjudication. One objection is that there is no industry, a second that there is no industrial dispute and the third that the workman is no workman”. This in an extract from the judgement of the Supreme Court in the matter of…

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